The lifetime of tungsten cathodes used in plasma spray torches is limited by processes leading to a loss of cathode material. It was reported in the literature that the mechanism of their erosion is the evaporation. A model of the ionization layer of a cathode is developed to study the diffusive transport of evaporated tungsten atoms and tungsten ions produced due to ionization by electron impact in a background argon plasma.
The work is concerned with the effect of a spatially fluctuating heating of Al_2O_3 particles with diameters of 5–120 μm during a plasma spray process. A plasma jet is generated in a mixture of Ar (40 NLPM) and H_2 (14 NLPM) and in pure Ar at an electric current of 600 A. The tracing of the injected particles in the plume region of the plasma jets is considered in the framework of a three-dimensional model taking into account a turbulent fluid flow.
Self-consistent Cathode-Plasma Coupling and Role of the Fluid Flow Approach in Torch Modelling - Dataset
The data set is related to a two-dimensional and stationary magneto-hydrodynamic model of a plasma spray torch operated with argon, which is developed to predict the plasma properties in a steady operating mode. The model couples a submodel of a refractory cathode and its non-equilibrium boundary layer to a submodel of the plasma in local thermodynamic equilibrium in a self-consistent manner. The Navier-Stokes equations for a laminar and compressible flow are solved in terms of low- and high-Mach number numerical approaches.