Leibniz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology
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17489 Greifswald
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The Leibniz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology (INP) is the largest non-university institute in the field of low temperature plasmas, their basics and technical applications in Europe. The institute carries out research and development from idea to prototype. The topics focus on the needs of the market. At present, plasmas for materials and energy as well as for environment and health are the focus of interest.

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Spatial distribution of hydrogen and oxygen atoms in a cold atmospheric pressure plasma jet - dataset

The data set comprises the spatial distributions of H and O atoms in the cold atmospheric pressure plasma jet kINPen-sci. The data was obtained by means of picosecond two-photon absorption laser induced fluorescence spectroscopy (ps-TALIF) and numerical simulations.

Release Date
Permanent Identifier (DOI)
Permanent Identifier (URI)
Is supplementing
Plasma Source Name
Plasma Source Application
Plasma Source Specification
Plasma Source Properties
Needle to ring electrode configuration in dielectric capillary (diameter: 1.6 mm); Frequency: ~ 1 MHz; Power: 1 - 3 W
Plasma Source Procedure
The kINPen-sci was operated with a gas curtain that provides a concentric gas flow, which shields the plasma effluent from the influx of surrounding ambient air. The plasma jet was placed on a motorised xyz translation stage. The z-axis is defined as the axis along the symmetry axis of the effluent through the centre of the plasma jet nozzle, the x-axis is the axis parallel to the laser beam, which crosses the centre of the nozzle.
Plasma Medium Name
Plasma Medium Properties
Feed gas: 3 slm Ar with 3000 ppm humidity; Gas curtain: 5 slm N2/O2 mixture, composition of the gas curtain can be varied from pure nitrogen to pure oxygen
Plasma Diagnostics Name
Plasma Diagnostics Properties

The picosecond laser system was based on an Nd:YAG pump laser (1064 nm) with a mode-locked oscillator, a regenerative amplifier, and a single pulse power amplifier, producing a weak pulse train output and a strong single pulse output with a single pulse duration of 30 ps with a repetition rate of 10 Hz. In a second laser unit the weak train beam is amplified and frequency-tripled (355 nm), the strong single pulse beam is frequency-tripled only, while the left-over of the 1064 nm single pulse is the third output beam. In the third laser unit the 355 nm train enters an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) state providing tunable but weak radiation between 420 to 710 nm, that is amplified using the strong 355 nm single pulse in a subsequent optical parametric amplifier (OPA) stage. Subsequent frequency-doubling is used to generate the UV wavelengths between 210 to 355 nm, and additional sum-frequency mixing with the left-over 1064 nm single pulse input for the deep UV wavelengths below 210 nm. In the UV range, 30 ps laser pulses were generated, with a pulse energy of a few hundred µJ at the maximum, and a spectral width of approximately 4 cm−1. The standard deviation of the shot-to-shot fluctuations in the pulse energy is approximately 8%.

Plasma Diagnostics Procedure

The applied laser pulse energy was measured behind the laser focus/plasma interaction volume with a pyroeletric detector (Gentec-EO, QE8SP-B-MT) and controlled with the help of an attenuator-compensator system, which comprises two specifically coated counter-rotating CaF 2 substrates that are actuated by a stepper motor. The laser beam was focussed by a spherical plano-convex fused-silica lens, with a focal length of 30 cm, in a plane approximately 1 cm behind the plasma jet to avoid saturation of the two-photon transitions, and to mitigate material damage in the calibration cuvettes. The fluorescence signal of the excited states was detected perpendicular to the direction of the laser beam by using an intensified charge coupled device camera (iCCD: Stanford Computer Optics, 4Picos dig), after passing two achromatic lenses (Thorlabs, AC050-010-B-ML, focal length: 80 mm) and an interference filter (central wavelengths λ_O = 845 nm, λ_H = 656 nm, λ_Xe = 835 nm, λ_Kr = 825 nm, band width ∆λ = 10 nm).

Sumerical simulations were performed by using a two-dimensional axisymmetric model of the turbulent reacting flow coupled with a local zero-dimensional plasma chemical model for the kINPen-sci plasma jet.

Public Access Level
Contact Name
Klose, Sarah-Johanna
Contact Email

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